Laboratory

Central Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Networking (CLEAN)

 Clean01
Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency has established Central Laboratory for Environmental Analysis (CLEAN) in its premises at Islamabad. The Laboratory comprises of three sections i,e

Analytical
Field Measurement
Sampling

CLEAN is equipped with state of art computerized analytical equipment. The Laboratory has facilities for analyzing pollutants in air, water and soil beside toxicity levels in food stuffs and other products.

CLEAN has its regular environmental investigation programmes for air, water and soil pollution. Pak-EPA has conducted a latest research study with the assistant of JICA experts on air pollution with emphasis on suspended particulate matters in three major cities of the country. CLEAN is also conducted regular monitoring of air in Islamabad. Study on development of inventory of chemical used in industries has been carried out.

CLEAN has the capabilities of carrying out field activities using portable equipments viz. high volume samplers, DO, PH and Turbidity Meter along with other relevant equipments for compliance of National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS).

CLEAN Works in the following Areas:

Analysis of municipal, industrial effluent and other environmental related samples.
Research/Investigation to identify different pollutant affecting public health.
Establish national procedures and methodologies for testing NEQS parameters.
Training to provincial Environmental Protection Agencies, Industrial sector and non-government organizations (NGOs).
Propose amendments in the NEWS, if and where required based on the technical investigation.
Provides research facilities to different universities Institutions.

 

WATER QUALITY MONITORING OF LAKES & RESERVOIR AROUND ISLAMABAD

Recently concerns shown over water contamination in Rawal Lake & Simli dam due to human activities in the catchment areas of these reservoirs. Accordingly, JICA Senior Volunteer, stationed at Pak-EPA has planned a water quality monitoring of Rawal Lake, Simli Dam and Khan Pur Dam Water Reservoir.

 

Water Quality Parameters  to be Covered

 Physio-Chemical Analysis

Physio-Chemical Parameters

Field

Laboratory

DO BOD, T-N, T-P, Mg2+, Na1+, K1+, (NO21+, SO42- Cl1-)
pH, water temperature Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, Fe
Sampling COD, Cr, NO21-, SO42-, Cl1-, (T-N, T-P) (Mg2+, Na1+, K1+)Sampling

points are:

Sampling Point

 

Point Sign

Place

RD-1 Rawal Dam (around the inlet from Kurang river)
RD-2 Rawal Dam (center of Rawal Dam)
RD-3 Rawal Dam (around the outlet for Kurang river)
RD-4 River (stream at Bara Kahu before entering river)
RD-5 River (stream near junction Islamabad Murree Road)
RD-6 River (stream from Diplomatic Enclave before entering)
WRP Clean water from Rawal filtration plant
……………………………………………………………………………………………
SD-1 Simbli Dam (around the inlet from Soan river)
SD-2 Simbli Dam (center of Simbli Dam)
SD-3 Simbli Dam (around the outlet for Soan river)
WSP Clean water from Simbli filtration plant
………………………………………………………………………………………………
R-1 Around the inlet from Khan Pur Dam to filtration plant reservoir
R-2 Around the outlet from filtration plant reservoir to filtration plant
KD-1 Center of Khan Pur Dam
WSJP Clean water from Sang Juni filtration plant

Support of organizations namely Capital Development Authority, Islamabad, Water & Sanitation Agency, Rawalpindi, has been solicited in swift execution of the monitoring

Water quality parameters around Rawal Dam (April 2004~February 2005),

Sampling Points

Sampling Date

Water Temp.  ºC

Field Temp. ºC

pH

DO mg/ℓ

BOD mg/ℓ

COD mg/ℓ

RD-1 4/27 24.5 30.3 8.4 7.8 2.1 9
7/7 31.2 34.5 8.2 6.7 2.9 10
9/15 29.8 32.3 8.2 4.4 2.6 9
12/8 15.4 21.5 8.0 7.8 3.0 5
2/23 12.1 14.9 7.9 7.7 2.3 6
 Average
    22.6
   26.7
    8.1
    6.9
    2.6
    7.8
RD-2 4/27 24.3 30.1 8.4 7.0 2.2 10
7/7 31.0 34.0 8.3 6.1 2.3 15
9/15 29.6 30.7 8.2 4.9 2.1 13
12/11 15.2 21.5 7.9 7.8 2.0 3
RD-2(2m) 12/8 15.2 18.4 8.0 8.5 2.2 4
RD-2(11m) 12/8 14.8 18.4 8.0 9.6 2.4 6
2/23 12.2 14.6 8.0 8.4 1.8 4
 Average
    22.5
   26.2
    8.2
    6.8
    2.1
    9.0
RD-3 4/27 26.0 30.1 8.4 7.3 1.9 15
7/7 31.3 34.0 8.3 6.5 1.3 10
9/15 29.5 30.7 8.3 5.4 2.0 8
12/8 15.1 17.2 7.8 8.9 2.4 6
2/23 12.9 14.8 8.1 7.8 2.2 7
 Average
    23.0
   25.4
    8.2
    7.2
    2.0
    9.2
WRP 4/27 15.5 26.6 7.0 6.8 0.1 4
7/7 24.0 28.5 6.9 4.0 2.1 7
9/15 27.2 28.4 7.0 3.0 1.8 6
12/8 14.5 21.9 7.8 9.0 2.5 6
2/23 11.0 15.8 7.7 8.4 1.2 5
 Average
    18.4
   24.2
    7.3
    6.2
    1.5
    5.6

Graphical Presentation of the Data

Water quality parameters around Simili Dam (April 2004~February 2005),

Sampling Points

Sampling Date

Water Temp. ºC

Field Temp. ºC

pH

DO mg/ℓ

BOD mg/ℓ

COD  mg/ℓ

SD-1 4/28 23.6 30.6 8.2 7.1 2.1 2
7/8 31.0 33.2 8.0 5.7 2.9 10
9/16 27.6 27.6 8.1 5.3 2.0 11
12/9 15.3 19.0 8.0 8.4 1.0 6
2/24 12.3 15.3 8.4 6.2 1.8 5
 Average
    22.0
    25.1
      8.1
      6.5
      2.0
   6.8
 SD-2 4/28 22.4 29.8 8.1 7.2 2.0 4
7/8 29.8 33.2 8.1 5.5 0.8 5
9/16 27.6 29.3 8.2 5.5 2.1 6
12/9 15.5 19.0 8.1 8.5 1.3 8
2/24 12.0 17.1 8.5 6.5 2.2 7
SD-2 (20m) 2/24 12.0 17.1 8.3 5.1 2.5 6
 Average
    21.5
    25.7
      8.2
6.6
    1.7
     6.0
SD-3 4/28 22.7 29.4 8.1 7.9 2.1 5
7/8 30.5 33.1 8.2 6.1 3.7 6
9/16 27.8 28.7 8.3 5.5 2.5 7
12/9 15.7 19.0 8.1 8.5 1.0 6
2/24 12.8 17.1 8.6 7.1 1.9 7
 Average
    21.9
    25.5
      8.3
      7.0
       2.2
    6.2
WSP 4/28 18.5 29.5 7.5 6.2 3.0 13
7/8 23.1 33.9 7.5 5.0 1.5 1
9/16 24.4 25.8 7.1 5.8 1.6 2
12/9 14.5 19.3 7.8 8.1 0.9 1
2/24 10.8 14.6 7.8 3.5 0.7 1
 Average
    18.3
    24.6
      7.5
      5.7
     1.5
     3.6

Graphical Presentation of the Data

Water quality parameters around Khan Pur Dam (April 2004~February 2005)

 Sampling Points

Sampling Date

Water Temp. ºC

Field    Temp. ºC

pH

DO mg/ℓ

BOD   mg/ℓ

COD mg/ℓ

R-1 4/29 19.0 19.1 8.0 7.2 2.1 3
7/10 28.7 32.6 8.2 6.8 2.1 15
9/18 26.4 31.2 8.0 5.6 2.2 14
12/11 13.1 20.3 8.2 9.0 1.2 8
2/26 12.3 18.6 8.2 5.5 1.1 9
 Average
  19.9
  24.4
    8.1
    6.8
    1.7
    9.8
R-2 4/29 20.9 19.4 7.9 6.2 2.5 4
7/10 29.0 33.9 8.2 6.1 3.4 14
9/18 27.8 30.5 7.9 5.2 2.2 13
12/11 13.7 20.5 8.2 8.2 1.1 10
2/26 12.4 16.4 8.2 4.7 1.2 10
 Average
  20.8
  24.1
    8.1
    6.1
    2.1
  10.2
KD-1 4/29 21.0 19.4 8.1 6.5 2.1 6
7/10 30.0 33.6 8.1 5.8 1.6 4
9/18 28.4 29.4 8.1 5.4 1.5 3
12/11 14.9 20.5 8.2 7.9 0.9 4
KD-1 (2m) 12/11 13.5 20.5 8.1 8.9 1.0 6
KD-1 (11m) 12/11 13.7 20.5 8.2 9.8 0.8 7
2/26 13.3 16.6 8.1 5.3 1.0 5
 Average
  21.5
  23.9
    8.1
    6.2
    1.4
    4.4
KD-2 4/29 19.5 21.8 8.0 6.6 2.1 1
7/10 28.0 33.6 8.0 5.8 1.9 6
9/18 27.7 30.9 8.0 5.2 1.3 5
12/11 13.6 20.5 8.2 8.5 1.1 5
2/26 13.4 19.8 8.2 5.3 1.3 5
 Average
  20.4
  25.3
    8.1
    6.3
    1.5
    4.4
WSJP 4/29 21.9 18.9 7.8 6.8 0.01 26
7/10 28.5 33.2 8.1 6.7 1.8 2
9/18 27.1 30.5 7.9 5.4 1.1 2
12/11 13.5 18.7 7.9 8.7 0.4 3
2/26 12.0 17.0 8.3 5.4 0.5 2
 Average
 
  20.6
  23.7
    8.0
    6.6
    0.8
    7.0

Graphical Presentation of the Data